Born in Vienna, May 4, 1914, as the son of a working-class family.

My father spent his childhood together with his three siblings in Vienna. He was a trained bookbinder and when I remember him it is always reading.
As a young man he was already engaged politically and after the events of February 1934 he dedicated himself to the rights of the working people.

The same year because of his active engagement against the increasing fascism in Austria, he was imprisoned in Wöllersdorf.


After his release, he resumed his illegal activity in the labor movement. In 1937, when the Gestapo started looking for him, he had to flee.


His way led him via Paris to Spain to fight in the 11th International Brigade against Franco.
In April 1941 -via the French camps in Saint-Cyprien, Gurs and Le Vernet where like many others, he was handed over to the German authorities - he came to the Dachau concentration camp.

From 1 May 1941 until liberation he was imprisoned in Dachau and managed to survive. He describes his situation in Dachau himself as follows: " After being admitted to the concentration camp every Dachau prisoner was assigned to a labor detachment... .For the ones who were lucky to be assigned to a good one, camp life was reasonably bearable. The camp library was a good detachment. Half of the 20 to 25 detainees employed there had been ordered by the SS camp administration to carry out the inventory of the library and book rental. "And a little later:" Because the inmates in the camp library and in the bookbindery were not very busy, they were forced to carry out Special requests of the SS. "(" Austrian in the Spanish civil war ", Austrian federal publishing house, 1986, pages 313, 314)



Marriage to Agnes Haasz


Return to Vienna:

After the war my father married Agnes Haasz, an equally convinced antifascist whose father - Arpad Haasz - survived Auschwitz and the death march Mauthausen - Ebensee. I Eva Peter, was born In 1947 and one and a half year later my sister - Susanna Peter -.



Always reading

When we were children, our father has hardly told us anything about his time in illegality, or in the concentration camp. Only when his granddaughter Simone grew up, we drove all together to Dachau. There he was able to guide us through the camp, tell us about camp life and his experiences. His family was important to him and in the presence of his only granddaughter, he was much more in the mood  to talk and tell about the past than he did with his wife or daughters. Only in his old age did he speak more often about the atrocities he and his comrades had to experience.
After the long years of captivity he remained politically active, working in the Communist Party, submitting testimonials in schools and participating in many discussions about what happened in Spain and in the concentration camp.



In old age and still reading


He died in 2002.


As mentioned, my father was a political person and as long as he lived, he took part in the founding and development of the CID. He was present at the General Assemblies and Liberation Celebrations, and, in those days I had little motivation to be together with him. But after his death and with the awareness that fewer and fewer people of the 1st generation of the Dachau concentration camp could be present  to prevent oblivion, I took over his position and now participate as a representative of Austria in the CID activities. At the moment I am also working as an auditor for the CID.
My father would be happy about my commitment and very much welcome continuous work against fascism!


Dr. Eva Friedler, b. Peter