After that imprisonment.
Professional training: car mechanic.
January 1938 - January 1939 International brigades in the Spanish Civil War, then detention camps of St. Cyprien and Vannes (France), arrested by the Gestapo in France and transported via Paris (Santé prison) to Graz. January 1941 via Vienna (Police Detention Center) transported to the Dachau concentration camp. Then Flossenbürg concentration camp (summer 1944 - April 1945).
Return to Austria. Joined the police service in Vienna to build a democratic police.
Studied law, official of the Police Department Vienna as a police council until retirement (legal service with the rank of lieutenant colonel).
After retirement, employee of the Documentation Archive of the Austrian Resistance (DÖW) and testimonials as eyewitnesse in schools.
Deceased on April 25, 2004 in Vienna